designer

Hermes, s’il vous plaît!

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The Beginning:

Established in 1837, this French based luxury brand produces anywhere from fragrances and high end clothing to accessories and Birkin bags. The founder of Hermes is Thierry Hermès, who started it as a harness workshop in Paris. His son, Charles-Émile Hermès took over the company, and with the help of his family, Hermes started offering their products to the most elite in places in Europe, Asia, Russia, and North America. After Charles, his son Émile Hermès really took over the company and brought it to the foundation it needed to become so successful today. Hermes started furnishing for the czar of Russia and is said to be the first to introduce the zipper in France. Hermes created the first leather golf jacket with a zipper. During the 1920s, the first accessories and clothing lines were formed for the company, such as in 1922 when the first leather handbag collection was introduced by Hermes. In 1929, the first womenswear couture apparel line was introduced. The 1930s brought about Hermes watches for both men and women. In 1935, the “Kelly bag,” named after Grace Kelly, was created. Then in 1937, Hermes scarves were released. The first Hermes perfume was called Eau d’Hermès and was produced in 1949. The horse and carriage logo started in the 1950s. Queen Elizabeth II worn a Hermes scarf in a postage stamp in 1956.

Back to the Top:

Jean-Louis Dumas brought Hermes out of a low point during the 1970s. He started selling products to Bloomingdale’s in New York. He changed the image for Hermes. The 1979 denim advertising for the company brought a new look for Hermes. By the 1990s, the Hermes family was listed on Forbes magazine’s list of billionaires. Jean-Louis Dumas retired in 2006 and passed away in 2010. Patrick Thomas replaced him and was the first non-Hermes person to lead the company. Hermes now sells clothing for men and women, watches, fragrances, gloves, tablewear, jewelry, footwear, cosmetics, and other accessories. As of 2012, Hermes doesn’t allow refunds on their products, only exchanges (within ten days of the purchase) and only for a different color for the piece. Hermes will remain a competing luxury brand for many years to come.

Celebrities in Hermes:

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Apparel:

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Credit: Hermes

 

Le Luxe à son Meilleur

“Happiness is the secret to all beauty. There is no beauty without happiness.” – Christian Dior

Christian Dior: The Designer

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Christian Dior is the founder of one of the top fashion houses of the world. Even at a young age, he was always interested in fashion. He started selling fashion sketches. His father helped him open a small art gallery in 1928 but had to be closed due to family financial problems. In 1937, Dior started working under designer Robert Piguet and alongside Pierre Balmain. Dior then succeed Marc Bohan as house designer until joining the army. In 1942 he joined the Lucien Lelong fashion house. In 1946, Dior founded his own fashion house. New Look (originally titled Corolle) was the title of his first collection released in 1947. It was structured upon the use of many fabrics and creating shapes. The collection helped bring Paris back as the top for fashion. In 1951, he released his first book called Je Suis Couturier. In March of 1957, he appeared on the cover of Time magazine. Christian Dior passed away on October 23rd, 1957. 

Christian Dior: The Fashion House

Christian Dior is one of the best known fashion houses in the world. It’s chaired by Bernard Arnault and owned by LVMH. The company produces ready wear clothing lines for men, women, and children, as well as accessories, footwear, jewelry, fragrances, and cosmetics. The brand has a tradition of creating haute couture collections. The New Look collection was the beginning for making Dior majorly significant for the fashion world. Along with the clothing collection, the company launched Christian Dior Parfums in which both lines granted Dior over 12 million dollars in profits in 1948. The first store outside of Paris opened in New York City in 1949. The brand began licensing the name “Christian Dior” in 1950 on a number of products including neckties, furs, hats, gloves, scarves, and jewelry. During the same year, Dior designed the dresses in the film Stage Fright. Christian Dior Models Limited was created in 1952. The next year, the first shoe line was launched. By this time, locations were in Paris, New York City, Mexico, Cuba, Italy, and Canada for the brand. In 1955, the first Dior lipstick was released. Dior had sold over 100,000 clothing pieces by 1956. Yves Saint Laurent was promoted Artistic Director in 1957 and was replaced by Marc Bohan in 1960. He created the Slim Look which was highly praised by Elizabeth Taylor in 1961. Miss Dior, the first French ready-to-wear collection was launched in 1967, the first Baby Dior boutique was opened in 1967, and The Christian Dior Coordinated Knit Line was released in 1968. The company was sold to LVMH during the same year and the Christian Dior Cosmetics launched in 1969. In 1973, the first Christian Dior Ready-to-Wear Fur collection was released. The Paris Fashion Museum dedicated an exhibition to the company on their 40th anniversary. Bohan was replaced as head designer in 1989 by Gianfranco Ferré. By 1997, Ferré was replaced by John Galliano. The famous Dior “J’adore” was released in 1999. Dior’s ads are said to have started the porn chic campaigns trend for the fashion industry. The “Christian Dior: Man of the Century,” exhibition was held in Normandy in honor of the 100th anniversary of the birthday of Christian Dior. Raf Simmons was announced as the new artistic director in 2012. Christian Dior locations to date is over 210 places. Actress Jennifer Lawrence is commonly known for wearing designs by Dior. The company will continue being at the top for the fashion world for many years to come.

Celebrities Wearing Dior:

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Apparel:

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Credit: Christian Dior

“Ain’t Laurent Without Yves”

“We must never confuse elegance with snobbery.” – Yves Saint Laurent

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Know as one of the most important names in the fashion industry, French designer Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint-Laurent was never afraid to push the limit. He started off with an interest in fashion at an early age. Laurent entered and won a fashion designs contest in 1953 called the International Wool Secretariat. After attending the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture, his talents opened up a whole new world. He once again entered the competition and won for the second time, beating out follow designer Karl Lagerfeld. Laurent was then introduced to Christian Dior by French Vogue editor Michel De Brunoff. He was hired for Dior the same day. After the death of Christian Dior, Yves Saint Laurent succeed the designer and became the head designer for the House of Christian Dior S.A. in 1957. The next year, Laurent launched his spring 1958 collection to rave reviews, even being know as the creator of the “trapeze dress.” Farah Diba, the wife of the Shah of Iran, asked Laurent to design her wedding gown in 1959. The next year, Laurent joined the French Army. During this time, he was fired from Dior and suffered medical and mental health problems. After being released from the Army hospital the same year, he sued Dior and won the case. Laurent and then partner, Pierre Bergé, started their own fashion house. It was then that Laurent changed the fashion world. He is said to be the first to introduce a women’s tuxedo suit. This happened in 1966, called Le Smoking. Laurent’s brand starting popularizing styles like safari jackets for men and women along with the beatnik look, wearing silhouettes, and thigh-high boots. He is also said to be the first to launch a ready-wear line. He is well-known for his use of non-white models such as supermodel Iman. In 1983 he was honored at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. But starting n the 1960s and 70s, Laurent received criticism for becoming known for partying, drinking, and the use of cocaine. The pressure to creating two per year lines of ready-to-wear collections and haute couture ones brought down Laurent’s health and led to him turning over his lines to his assistants in 1987. French president Jacques Chirac gave Laurent the rank of Commander of the Légion d’Honneur in 2001. He retired in 2002. In 2007, French president Nicolas Sarkozy awarded Laurent with the title Grand Officier de la Légion d’honneur. Yves Saint Laurent died in 2008 from brain cancer. His ashes were spread in Marrakech, Morocco. An auction of famous paintings collected over by Laurent over the years took place in 2009 and the proceeds went to AIDS research. Laurent was a main focus for a number of films, including the 2014 release of the film Yves Saint Laurent, directed by Jalil Lespert; the part of Laurent is played by French actor Pierre Niney. Even through hard times and controversy, Yves Saint Laurent’s works are still being used in the fashion industry today and he is known as a great fashion name.

Apparel:

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Credit: Yves Saint Laurent

Get That Look: Victoria Beckham

Posh Spice:

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As a famous UK businesswoman, singer, wife/mother, model, and fashion designer, Victoria Beckham always knows how to make an appearance. Rising to fame with being a member of the international female group, Spice Girls, Victoria “Posh Spice” Beckham also made a name for herself individually. She produced solo numbers as well as successful group music numbers, such as her solo “Out of Your Mind” and the ever-known “Wannabe” with the Spice Girls. Even without her singing career, Beckham is can be found worldwide for being a total style icon. She designed jeans for Rock & Republic along with a line of her own titled “dvb Style,” has produced a variety of accessories like sunglasses, fragrances, handbags, and jewelry, as well as released two best-selling books. She has walked on countless of runways, such as in 2000 for London Fashion Week, and in 2006 for Milan Fashion Week under designer Roberto Cavalli. She has styled celebrity friends like Katie Holmes. Her well-known fragrance is called Intimately Beckham and her own fashion collection debuted in 2008 during New York Fashion Week with high reviews. She was the face for the Spring 2008 collection from Marc Jacobs. Victoria Beckham has appeared on magazines including British Vogue, Indian Vogue, and Russian Vogue. She promotes animal friendly clothing and was awarded the “Designer of the Year” gong during the British Fashion Awards in 2011. Along with her music and fashion careers, Posh Spice has been on a number of television appearances. Her own shows include Being Victoria Beckham, The Real Beckhams, and Victoria Beckham: Coming to America. She was also featured on Ugly Betty, Project Runway, and American Idol. She is married to athlete David Beckham and they have four children. Together the couple has an estimated $380 million joint wealth. Women’s Hour listed her on the 100 most powerful women in the UK in 2013. Victoria Beckham will continue showing her influence and power in the fashion industry along with whatever other upcoming ventures she participates in.

Black Balenciaga Dress:

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Credit: Barneys or Balenciaga
$1795

Lanvin Crazy Wedge Booties:

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Credit: Lanvin Crazy
$1478

La Casa di Armani

The Italian Mastermind:
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Said to be the “most successful designer to come out of Italy,” Giorgio Armani is no less of a triumphant fashion designer who is known internationally. After attending school for some time, joining the army, and being a window dresser at a department store in Milan, Armani became a well-known menswear designer. He was acknowledged worldwide from his runway shows and designs and was then able to found Giorgio Armani S.p.A in Milan in 1975. He founded the Giorgio Armani Corporation in 1979 which also began sales in the United States.  Armani now produces plenty of products including men and womenswear, underwear, swimwear, perfumes/colognes, other accessories and even the Giorgio Armani phone. Armani also has designed clothing for a large number of movies, such as the 1987 film “The Untouchables.” He was also the first designer that banned models with a BMI under 18. He also has worked closely with pop star Lady Gaga. Armani takes a big interest in sports; he designed Italy’s Olympic uniforms for the Summer 2012 Olympics. His famous, and one of my personal favorite colognes, is the Aqua di Gio by Armani. Giorgio Armani is a role model of mine and will still be extraordinary in the fashion industry (even being almost 80 years old!)

Celebrity Relationships:
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Apparel:

 

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World famous cologne:
Aqua di Gio

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Credit: Armani

“J’aime Balmain”

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Pierre Balmain:
Balmain has always had an keen eye for brillant clothes. Growing up with a family who owned their own fashion boutique, Pierre has been around clothes since he was seven years old. His father passed away when Balmain was very young. He then spent most of his days with his mother and her sisters in a dress shop they ran. Pierre Balmain opened his first Couture house in 1945 and over time it became just as popular as Christian Dior. In 1945 Balmain created his first fragrance, Vent Vert, which is still in production today. By 1951, Balmain branched off into the United States. Balmain was able to open up several ready-wear shops and increased the French style.

Modern Balmain:
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Celebs in Balmain:
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Credit: Balmain

G I V E N C H Y

LEAGUE OF ITS OWN:
A french luxury fashion brand that has all the celebrities in their grasp like reality star Kim Kardashian and musician Kanye West. Givenchy has been flaunted and appraised constantly due to their artistic nature of clothing. Founded in 1952 by Hubert de Givenchy, it has seen been taken over by a new company LVMH. This grossed about 176 million dollars, making Givenchy second under Dior in the division. This remarkable brand has since dressed the most famous people in history like Jackie Kennedy, Audrey Hepburn, Princess Grace of Monaco, and Liz Taylor.
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THE FACES BEHIND GIVENCHY:
Hubert de Givenchy- A successful and brilliant french aristocrat and fashion designer, he founded The House of Givenchy in 1952. Givenchy gained his fame when he did the personal wardrobe of Audrey Hepburn and Jackie Kennedy. He was honored and elected into the International Fashion Hall of Fame in 1970.

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Riccardo Tisci- In 2005, Italian fashion designer Riccardo Tisci was named the Creative Director of womenswear and haute couture. In 2008 he was also named accessory and menswear designer for the company. Tisci has been up and down with critics about his outlandish dress wear but has still remained a top designer.
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Sebastian Suhl- Since March of 2012, he has been the director and CEO of Givenchy and has been part of the LMVH since the 1980s. Before Givenchy, Suhl worked with Prada and became general manager in 2001 before moving to France. He’s bringing attention to the fashion industry and is expanding Givenchy greatly.
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CELEBS IN GIVENCHY:
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Credit: Givenchy

Modern Day Chanel: Karl Lagerfeld

“Personality begins where comparison ends.” – Karl Lagerfeld

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The Head Designer for the House of Chanel is a very talented individual who also manages Fendi along with three other independent companies. Karl Lagerfeld started in the fashion industry at a very young age and from there has made his name extremely well known. He has been with Fendi since 1965 as well as running Chanel since 1983. His name is known worldwide. Lagerfeld mixes in with celebrities names such as Sarah Jessica Parker and Lily Allen. His talents include fashion design and management, is an author as well as a film director. He wears signature black sunglasses and is usually found wearing a head-to-toe black wardrobe. He lives a well and luxurious life and works hard for what he wants, such as his incredible weight loss. Being the sage behind such an iconic name brand as Chanel, Lagerfeld is known for several controversies and is obviously not afraid to speak his mind, an example being his comments on Adele and his plan of marrying his cat. No matter where his designs, ideas, and schemes lead to next, Karl Lagerfeld will definitely be a name to remember in the fashion industry.

Credit: Karl Lagerfeld